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何凯文每日一句:2019考研英语第158句

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时间2018-08-07 09:49:05

何凯文老师2019考研英语每日一句第一百五十八句发布,下面就和文都考研小编一起来看下吧!在接下来的2019考研英语备考的时间里,何凯文每日一句都会和大家相伴!

今年上半年,近代规模最大的教师罢工潮席卷美国,西弗吉尼亚、肯塔基、俄克拉荷马、亚利桑那等州的数万名公立学校教师走上街头,抗议薪资水平过低、教育经费短缺等问题。此次罢工得到了民间的广泛支持,一反教师过去因公立教育质量下降而被口诛笔伐的情状。据报道,这几个州的教师平均工资长期不涨或涨幅很小,考虑到通货膨胀的影响,等同于薪资水平不升反降。很多老师必须依靠课外补习或兼职优步司机才能勉强维持生计。过去几十年,不管是共和党还是民主党,都旗帜鲜明地批评过公立校的老师,并将公立教育经费转投他处。例如,奥巴马曾呼吁,“别再给糟糕的老师找借口了。”而现任教育部长德福丝则说,“公立校已到末路,老师们更关心的是体制,不是学生。”在这种政策导向下,2015年“教师收入罚金”——教师收入与私营部门同等资历的职业平均收入的差额——已达17%,即教师比同等资历的就业者工资低17%。在美国,教师已经不再是受人尊敬的中产职业,而越来越像是一个服务业工种。

今天的句子:

Teaching was never a way to get rich, but it was long considered a solid and respectable middle-class occupation. Over the past few decades, though, policymakers have chipped away at the economic and moral status of educators. The Reagan administration laid the groundwork with its seminal 1983 report “A Nation at Risk”. Among its recommendations are “more rigorous and measurable standards” for students and an “effective evaluation system” for teachers.

思考题:

The “A Nation at Risk” report is mentioned to show that__.

A. policies have become harsh on teachers

B. its long-lasting effect on the educational system

C. teaching used to be a widely respected career

D. teaching needs pragmatic assessing mechanism

词汇突破:

1.respectable值得尊敬的;体面的

2.policymaker政策制定者

3.chip away at破坏;削弱

4.groundwork根基

5.seminal开创性的

6.recommendation建议

7.rigorous严格的

第一句:

Teaching was never a way to get rich, but it was long considered a solid and respectable middle-class occupation.

参考译文:教书从来都不是发家致富的途径,但长期以来被认为是份稳定且体面的中产职业。

第二句:

Over the past few decades, though, policymakers have chipped away at the economic and moral status of educators.

参考译文:然而在过去的几十年里,政策制定者们削弱了教育工作者的经济和道德地位。

第三句:The Reagan administration laid the groundwork with its seminal 1983 report “A Nation at Risk”.

参考译文:里根政府奠定基础,1983发布开创性报告《危机中的国家》。

第四句:Among its recommendations are “more rigorous and measurable standards” for students and an “effective evaluation system” for teachers.

切分:

1. Among its recommendations are

2. “more rigorous and measurable standards” for students

3. and an “effective evaluation system” for teachers.

参考译文:报告的建议包括:制定针对学生的“更严格且可量化的标准”,针对教师的“有效评价体系”。

思考题:

The “A Nation at Risk” report is mentioned to show that__.

从题干就能知道:

这是一个例证题,这和我们之前做的题目都不一样。

我们之前做的题目都是大都是细节题;

找到相关的句子,然后进行理解,并和选项进行比对就好。

但是例证题中问的是,例子被提及来说明什么。

我先问大家,例子是为什么服务的?

观点!结论!

我再问大家,例子被谁提及?

当然是谁举例谁提及!通常例子就是作者提出的。

问题补全其实是问:作者提及例子来说明什么?

那答案就应该对应例子所对应的结论,而不是例子本身!

第三句和第四句就是例子本身。

第一句和第二句是转折关系。

所以答案只能来自第二句!

为什么不是第一句:

何凯文是个好孩子。但是JPP是个坏孩子。

JPP每天都去抢幼儿园小朋友的雪糕吃。

第三句只能说明第一句吧。

所以这个题的答案来源句只能是第二句。

老师,我怎么觉得例子和结论没有联系。

背景的缺失,文化的不同,信息的不对称,

都会造成你觉得例子和结论没有联系。

“东北大哥刘一男很有钱。没事就去大街上扶倒地的老头和老太太。“

男哥扶老人的例子说明什么?

男哥有钱。正确!

如果是个不了解中国国情的老外来读这篇文章就会觉得不能理解,

为什么能说明男哥有钱。

这是一个道理。

PS:KK还是呼吁无论有钱没钱,遇到需要帮助的人在保护好自己和有专业知识的情况下,尽量伸出援手。

具体来看:

The “A Nation at Risk” report is mentioned to show that__.

A. policies have become harsh on teachers

对应第二句为完美的同义替换选项!正确答案!

B. its long-lasting effect on the educational system

这是对例子本身的同义替换,替换正确,属于定位错误!排除!

C. teaching used to be a widely respected career

对应第一句,属于定位错误,排除!

D. teaching needs pragmatic assessing mechanism

这是对例子本身的同义替换,替换正确,但属于定位错误!排除!

这样高质量的模拟题真的值得的你给出大大的中国赞!外加点击中间!

Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding, and few people understand the process of health care research. Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings, many are perplexed that anyone would deliberately harm an animal. For example, a grandmotherly woman staffing an animal rights booth at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure that encouraged readers not to use anything that comes from or is tested in animals—no meat, no fur, no medicines. Asked if she opposed immunizations, she wanted to know if vaccines come from animal research. When assured that they do, she replied, “Then I would have to say yes.” Asked what will happen when epidemics return, she said, “Don’t worry, scientists will find some way of using computers.”

题目:

The example of the grandmotherly woman is used to show the public’s ________.

[A] discontent with animal research

[B] ignorance about medical science

[C] indifference to epidemics

[D] anxiety about animal rights

明天的句子:

In a time of Facebook, smartphones, self-driving cars, and computers that can beat a person at just about any board game, how can the key economic measure of technological progress be so pathetic? Some argue that it’s because today’s technologies are not nearly as impressive as we think. Robert Gordon contends that compared with breakthroughs like indoor plumbing and the electric motor, today’s advances are small and of limited economic benefit.

思考题:

Time was when the technological advance brought more economic returns.

何凯文老师简介:文都考研英语辅导教师,北京外国语大学毕业,美国应用语言学会会员。在微信、腾讯空间、新浪微博搭建非常活跃的考研互动平台,微博粉丝量突破超300万,2016、2017连续两年荣获“微博十大影响力大V”称号,考研英语每日一句的笔者。

以上就是文都考研为大家整理的“何凯文每日一句:2019考研英语第158句”,希望对大家有所帮助!何凯文每日一句也会伴随大家整个考研英语备考,一起加油!

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